At its simplest Program management or programme management can be defined as a group of projects managed together for added benefit. Projects deal with outputs, whereas programmes deal with outcomes. The projects within the programme will all aim to achieve outputs that will enable the programme to progress one or more strategic objectives of the organisation.



Programme management is a means of organizing a range of projects. It enables resources to be shared across projects, can deliver a sum greater than the outputs of individual projects and should take forward the strategy of the organisation.

Projects and programmes have very difference characteristics. Project tend to have definite start and finish points and aim to deliver a predetermined output, which provides them with a clear development path from initiation to delivery and handover. On the other hand programmes typically have a more strategy vision of the desired end goal and know clearly defined path to get there. As a result projects tend to be more successful with the required outputs can be defined at the outset, whereas programme are able to manage uncertainty.

Programme management deals with:

  • Outcomes;
  • wider strategic benefits;
  • complex relationships;
  • benefits during and after;
  • benefits management;
  • transition to a new state.